No two cancers are the same
Cancer is an umbrella term that refers to over 100 diseases. Different types require different treatments, and success can vary from patient to patient. However, due to critical research, US cancer death rates have dropped 27% in the last 25 years. The Ride drives research in every type of cancer.
Bladder cancer starts when cells that make up the urinary bladder start to grow out of control. As more cancer cells develop, they can form a tumor and, with time, spread to other parts of the body.
Breast cancer starts when cells in the breast begin to grow out of control. These cells usually form a tumor that can often be seen on an x-ray or felt as a lump. The tumor is malignant (cancer) if the cells can grow into (invade) surrounding tissues or spread (metastasize) to distant areas of the body. Breast cancer occurs almost entirely in women, but men can get breast cancer, too.
Colorectal cancer is a cancer that starts in the colon or the rectum. These cancers can also be named colon cancer or rectal cancer, depending on where they start. Colon cancer and rectal cancer are often grouped together because they have many features in common.
Head & Neck
Cancers that are known collectively as head and neck cancers usually begin in the squamous cells that line the moist, mucosal surfaces inside the head and neck. Cancers of the head and neck are further categorized by the area of the head or neck in which they begin.
There are different types of lung cancer. Non-small cell, small cell and lung carcinoid tumor. Non-small cell lung cancer is the most common (85%) and small cell affects about 10%-15% of lung cancer patients and tends to spread quickly. Lung carcinoid tumors make up of fewer than 5% of lung cancer cases and grow slowly and rarely spread.
Lymphoma is a cancer that starts in cells that are part of the body's immune system. There are several types of lymphoma including hodgkin lymphoma, non-hodgkin lymphoma, lymphoma of the skin and waldenstrom macroglobulinemia.
Melanoma is a cancer that begins in the melanocytes. Other names for this cancer include malignant melanoma and cutaneous melanoma. Melanomas can develop anywhere on the skin, but they are more likely to start on the trunk (chest and back) in men and on the legs in women. The neck and face are other common sites.
The pancreas is an organ that sits behind the stomach and the most common type of pancreatic cancer is pancreatic adenocarcinoma which is a type of exocrine cancer.
The types of cancers that occur most often in children are different from those seen in adults. The most common pediatric cancers include Leukemia, Brain and spinal cord tumors, Neuroblastoma, Wilms tumor, Lymphoma, Rhabdomyosarcoma, Retinoblastoma and Bone cancer.
Prostate cancer is the most common cancer among men (after skin cancer). Almost all prostate cancers are adenocarcinomas and develop from the gland cells.
The thyroid gland makes hormones that help regulate your metabolism, heart rate, blood pressure, and body temperature. The main types of thyroid cancer are differentiated, medullary and anaplastic with thyroid lymphomas, sarcomas and tumors being less common.